At the time of independence, there was hardly any industrial base in Pakistan. The contribution of the industrial sector to the GNP in 1949-50 was only 5.8%, out of which, 4.8% was attributed to small scale industries. With virtually no defence industry, the entire needs of the Armed Forces were met through purchases, mostly from U.K.
As an immediate step towards meeting the requirements of the Armed Forces, Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POFs) was established at Wah in 1951.Initially it was assigned the responsibility of manufacturing small arms/ammunitions for British Weapons Systems. But with the induction of US weapons systems, it had to switch over to the production of related ammunition. The Ordnance Factories gave a fine account of themselves in supporting the Army in the field during 1965 war.
The suspension of all types of military aid and embargoes during and after the 1965 War, made the nation conscious of the fact that it must strive towards achieving greater self-reliance in production of military hardware and also of diversifying sources of purchase of military equipment. Diversification, however, consequently made the task of ammunition production relatively more difficult because of the large variety of weapon systems that had been inducted.
After 1971 war the Government decided to initiate a programme of relatively greater self-reliance and Defence Production Division was created in 1972. The mandate given to this Division was to lay-down policy, formulate plans, coordinate between procurement and developmental activities and to accelerate the pace of technological development to achieve greater self-reliance through indigenization. In 2004, the Division has been re-designated as Ministry of Defence Production. Over the years, the MoDP has worked towards this assigned goal and we can be proud of our achievement in this field. There is an increased self reliance in all defence fields. The Armed Forces are not only being supported and kept in a high state of readiness through our indigenous means, but we have also been exporting our defence equipment and munitions to some of our friendly countries.